What You're Like In Relationships, Based On Your Attachment Style

Photo: Pexels
What The 4 Styles Explained By Attachment Theory Say About What You're Like In Love & Relationships
Contributor
Love

When it comes to relationships, many turn to astrology for guidance. Zodiac signs can help inform you on compatibility, how and why you or your partner act a certain way during certain times, and so on. Personality types can also be a resource when it comes to gaining a deeper insight as to who you are, who your partner is, and who you are together.

There is, however, another way to understand your virtues and vices in relationships: attachment styles.

Attachment styles come from attachment theory in psychology. The theory began with John Bowlby, who studied infant attachment, then continued with Mary Ainsworth with children. More recently, attachment has been studied in adults.

Children’s attachment styles are concerned with their family and early friendships. The way your parents treated you as a child, even an infant, shape the way you interact with others and form relationships. For adults, it expands into romantic relationships, as studied by Hazan and Shaver.

Childhood has a lot to do with how your style developed, but the end of childhood doesn’t mean your style stops changing.

RELATED: Why Understanding The 4 'Attachment Styles' Takes The Uncertainty Out Of Your Love Life

Your attachment style has everything to do with your behavior and feelings in a relationship as well as who you choose to partner with. It’s important to know your style even before getting into a relationship, as it will help you decide what you need from a potential future partner.

If you’re already in a relationship, the styles may help guide you to be more cognizant of each other’s needs.

So what are you really like in a relationship?

Once you discover your attachment style, read on to find out what it means for your relationships.

1. Secure

For those of us who do not fall under this style, this is the one we strive for. If you have a secure attachment style, you are in tune with your partner. You have high emotional intelligence. This means you’re also honest about your feelings.

Everyone says communication is key in relationships: in that case, those with a secure attachment style should have the perfect relationship unlocked.

But while this attachment style may be ideal, it is not perfect. Everyone has bad days. It’s also likely someone with a secure style is in a relationship with someone of a different style. Communication is a two-way street, so even if one person is completely open, the other might be closed off.

That does not mean the relationship will fail. One with a secure attachment style will understand this, and encourage their partner to try openness. Overall, people with this attachment styles are keepers.

RELATED: 5 Signs You Have A 'Secure Attachment Style' In Love — And How It Affects Your Relationships

2. Anxious-Preoccupied

In contrast to the secure type who tend to be grounded in relationships, people with this attachment style tend to romanticize love. The beginning of a relationship with this type can be intense, as they will completely throw themselves into the fantasy of the honeymoon phase.

If you have the anxious-preoccupied style and are past that stage of a relationship, you may find you and your partner having problems from time to time, or even more often than normal. Despite your inclination towards fantasy, you can be over-analytical of things your partner says and does.

Ups and downs in your relationship do not mean you’re having a passionate affair worthy of your favorite TV drama. You may be, in the end, a devoted partner craving love and affection, but you need a partner who will understand your needs.

RELATED: 6 Signs You Have An 'Anxious Attachment Style' In Love And How It Affects Your Relationships

3. Dismissive-Avoidant

This style is, in one word, independent. They do not need to be smothered with attention, nor will they do the same for their partner. Intimacy isn’t really their thing, as emotions aren’t really their thing, either.

Subscribe to our newsletter.

Join now for YourTango's trending articles, top expert advice and personal horoscopes delivered straight to your inbox each morning.

This does not mean they’re constantly closed-off; they just like their space. That’s not necessarily a fault, though others may see it as one. Space is important in relationships: you need room to be your own people. Dismissive-avoidants just need that much more space.

The reason people with this attachment style are so distant, even in a relationship, is because they are afraid of appearing vulnerable. You don’t want others to know their actions affect you, not even your partner’s. Being in a relationship, however, is major for this type, as they tend to not have many close relationships of any kind.

The way you act in your relationship also depends on your partner and their type. A partner of any different type will challenge you and your inclination towards needing distance.

RELATED: 5 Signs You Have An 'Avoidant Attachment Style' In Love And How It Affects Your Relationships

4. Fearful-Avoidant

This attachment style is filled with inner conflict, which is bound to break out into a relationship. People with this style are deeply in touch with their emotions — but try not to be. They are concerned with trying to maintain a safe distance from their emotions, and by extension, from their partner.

If you have a fearful-avoidant attachment style, your concern with finding the difficult, delicate balance between being too close or too distant from their partner is only a symptom of a deeper issue. You are afraid not necessarily of getting hurt, but of hurting others. Essentially, you are afraid of being a bad partner.

In the end, you’re afraid of being left behind, and it being your fault. People with the fearful-avoidant attachment style, however, are likely not the problem in the relationship, as they can end up in abusive relationships.

RELATED: How To Change Your Attachment Style For Stronger, Healthier Relationships

Alison Cerri is an editorial intern at YourTango. When she's not writing, she can be found on a run or at rugby practice. Follow her on Instagram.