It's happening way more than you think.
Up to 60 percent of all couples will deal with at least one form of infidelity over the lifetime of their marriage. An additional 20 percent of married couples deal with emotional infidelity above the statistics for physical infidelity.
According to the American Association of Marriage and Family Therapy, about 35 percent of wives and 45 percent of husbands report having emotional affairs and 22 percent of men and 13 percent of women have cheated in their lifetimes, both married and unmarried.
We could say that these figures are conservative because, of course — not every one admits that their partner cheated or that they themselves betrayed their partner (especially if when surveyed, their partner is in the house). Also, many people who engage in emotional affairs deny that they are even cheating.
However, the damage of emotional affairs is, for many, more hurtful than a physical affair.
Many of the couples I work with tell me that an emotional affair signifies that their partner has really checked out of the marriage. The level of secrecy and denial about it caused more pain than if their partner simply told the truth about cheating. It signifies a conscious, deliberate intent to deceive and this is at the heart of the betrayal.
So, knowing the pain it causes, why do so many go there? Below are some of the reasons why people (maybe you're one of them) stray and end up in an emotional affair:
1. They're narcissistic and have an endless need for validation.
It’s like they're constantly searching for the next hit, the next reassurance that they're OK. They can't seem to overcome the pull of wanting someone to stroke their ego, endlessly. They're insecure about so much and have low self-esteem, and it's easier seeking validation from others than confronting the painful feelings of inadequacy that haunt them.
2. They struggle with impulse control.
Signs of this come up through over indulging in ‘pleasures’ like alcohol, food, or gambling. Emotional affairs are another sign of this incapacity to self-regulate the reward center of their brain, of taking too much of a good thing. Even seemingly harmless flirting and friendships go too far, and then emotional cheaters start their inevitable cover up.
3. They believe they deserve this pleasure.
They justify it to themselves, saying: "It can’t really hurt. We all have desires that need satisfying." This sense of entitlement lets them make peace with their behavior, making up all sorts of stories about how much they need this "friend" or other person in their life and how harmless it is.
At the heart of it, they're very convinced of their own ‘deservedness’ and go to extraordinary lengths to justify it. For example: There is a direct correlation to the amount of money a spouse makes to their likelihood of having an emotional affair.
4. They believe they're essentially good people and therefore their behavior is harmless.
They justify their behavior because they think in black and white terms, that only sexual affairs are wrong. Because they're not physically cheating, they lack empathy for their partner's concern over their emotional inappropriateness. Their partner is just being paranoid, jealous, insecure, controlling. The emotional cheater repeatedly claims they wouldn’t dream of doing the ‘wrong thing’ (a.k.a. having a sexual affair) but they're in denial about their shadow side.
5. They have problems with boundaries and saying "No."
They see themselves as being essential to the well-being of another, either because they need to ‘rescue’ that person, or because they have a deep need to feel important.
6. They can't stand the idea of being ‘controlled’ by their partner.
They fail to assert their needs in a healthy way and instead, seek to dominate others. They think they're resisting being controlled when in fact they're being controlling! By saying they'll tolerate no limits from their partner, they're imposing limits on their partner of their own.
7. They grew up in an environment lacking appropriate boundaries.
Their parents and siblings probably justified and denied their own wrong doing. When your family of origin has a system of defensiveness that fails to take personal responsibility and resorts to blame, denial, projection and avoidance ... you tend to do the same.
8. They're angry with their partner, but won't address it directly in their relationship.
They can't express themselves (especially hard emotions) and tend to resort to pleasing others and avoiding conflict. Therefore it's easier (and lazier) to just act out in a seemingly ‘benign’ way so they get your tank filled elsewhere!
9. They can’t cope with disappointments in their relationship/partner.
Similar to the previous point, they act out in passive-aggressive ways, their anger goes underground and they're rarely truthful, real or direct. Whether it's a disappoint in how their life turned out, how their partner looks, etc. ... to express their vulnerability or their pain and disappointment feels too risky.
10. They're afraid of commitment.
Intimacy is frightening. They seek it, yet fear it. Therefore, it's easier to add a third person to the mix rather than bring up difficult issues with their partner. They go out of the way to avoid the vulnerability and effort of real intimacy with the person they live with.
Instead, they live perpetually with one foot out the door. Their deep fear of abandonment makes them always leave the exit door open, hedging their bets. Being the one who abandons is better than being the one left behind.
11. Their parents cheated on each other.
This led them to view betrayal as normal. Healthy relationship boundaries are foreign to them so they share intimacies with others inappropriately, which is emotional cheating.
12. They're experiencing unresolved grief and loss.
They idealize a lost other (perhaps someone who died, a former lover, or even their own loss of innocence or youth) and they get feelings that they don't get in their relationship when they project that lost ideal or perfect love onto a third person.
13. Their partner (and relationship) lack certain qualities they desire.
They married someone serious and conservative, so they flirt with someone more fun, liberal and frivolous. They may feel unable to be themselves with their actual partner, but in their emotional affair, they're a different person or express qualities they cannot normally ... and being that hidden side of themselves feels good.
14. They long for novelty.
Their emotional affair is a way to bring newness and variety they think they can no longer get at home.
15. They have a need to transgress or rebel.
They're tired of being so upstanding all the time. They've always done the right thing and "been good" but finally now, they can act badly without really being bad (or so their justification goes).
16. They love keeping secrets.
Keeping secrets feels alluring. It gives them a false sense of power. They kept secrets as a child and now it's second nature to keep secrets in their relationship.
17. They're emotionally immature.
Whether they long for a sense of eternal youth or can't handle taking responsibility for their adult life, they hide from reality in a fantasy world. Things go wrong in every relationship, but when that happens in theirs, they don't handle it ... they escape.