What We Can Learn From "The Perfect Woman" of 1912

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Venus de Milo
In 1912, the perfect woman was 5'7" and weighed 171 pounds. Here's what we can learn from her.

In 1912, the “Perfect Woman” was a pear-shaped 24-year-old Cornell student who weighed 171 pounds at 5'7 inches. Elsie Rebecca Scheel was selected from a pool of 400 women as the "perfect woman" by Cornell University medical examiner, who described her as the "epitome of perfect health," according to a 1912 New York Times article. 

The physical description of Ms. Scheel is a far cry from what our current culture epitomizes as the perfect woman or even the picture of perfect health. Today, Scheel’s body mass index would have been 27, placing her in the overweight category of 25 to 29.9. A healthy weight range for a woman of her height and weight is only within 118-159 lbs. Scheel's name has been in the media recently as an example of an individual with a high BMI who still lived a long and healthy life.

While there is much debate today and in the early 1920s over what perfection really is, much can be learned from Scheel's life and her personal philosophy. She credited achieving the honor of being named the perfect woman by adhering to "Sane living... I have eaten only what I wanted and when I wanted it." She rarely ate breakfast, didn’t like tea or coffee, but instead loved to eat beefsteak.

Scheel was strong and athletic and enjoyed participating in sports, especially basketball. “I play a guard, where my weight helps,” she told one newspaper. Scheel was also interested in horticulture and automobiles, and reportedly was an ardent suffragist. She went on to become a practical nurse and married an architect who supervised the building of the New York Public Library. Her mother was a doctor, a rarity in the early 20th century, and Scheel's own daughter reportedly became a doctor as well. 

Scheel received worldwide media attention as the perfect woman, with some comparing her to the Venus de Milo because of her curves. Still, her praise and newfound fame as a specimen of perfection didn’t come without a price. Even in 1912, there was a negative media backlash against the young woman, with some poking fun at her size and weight, and others blatantly arguing that her weight and height “cannot be reconciled with the accepted ideal of female beauty.”  Some critics even harshly criticized her breasts as being too small. So, things weren’t so different in the early 1900s after all. A December 2012 article in Men’s Health Magazine characterized the perfect woman as having large breasts, narrow hips and long legs. Keep reading ....

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