More evidence that men and women are wired to work differently.
Never mind those two famous planets—researchers at the California Institute of Technology and Baylor University have found new evidence that male and female earthlings are wired differently.
The documentation: Brain scans detailing activity in men and women playing an investment game with an anonymous partner.
One subject received 20 monetary units and could keep them or invest any portion with an unknown “trustee” subject in another lab, miles away. The money invested would triple every time, but the trustee could choose how much of the profit to return to the original investor. The invest-and-return cycle ran up to ten times, while a functional magnetic resonance imager, or fMRI, captured pictures of local brain activity, scanning the players’ brains every two seconds.
As men contemplated their risk-and-reward options, activity rose in the area of the brain associated with conflict resolution, says Steven Quartz, director of Caltech’s social cognitive science laboratory. Once they decided, the flurry stopped.
Women’s brains remained relatively calm until after they made their decisions. Then, the portion of the brain stem associated with reward and the frontal area responsible for the ability to think about other people lit up, reaching a peak just before the other player responded.
“Female players are a little more emotional, and the male players are a little more competitive,” says Cedric Anen, another Caltech researcher. Quartz adds that the research could give insight into how couples approach trust--and risk--based situations in the real world, perhaps showing how men and women “balance each other out and make good decisions together.” It might also explain the fact that women second-guess themselves more often than men, and wait impatiently for the phone to ring after a romantic encounter.
The gender-specific traits—something Quartz and his team didn’t expect to find, but now plan to study further—revealed themselves more and more as the game wore on. At the end, asked to guess whether they had been playing a man or a woman, men said they suspected a female opponent when the other player punished them for taking too much money. Women believed they were interacting with a man when the other player acted “computer-like.” Both were right 73 percent of the time.